Migrating from Scotland as a child, Andrew Carnegie (1835 1919) took his first job in the US as a worker in a bobbin factory. He later progressed up the ranks of a telegraph company. In the 1870s, he founded the Carnegie Steel Company, and by the 1890s, the company was the largest and most profitable industrial enterprise in the world. Often referred to as a true "rags to riches" story, he is regarded as the second-richest man in history after John D. Rockefeller. The entrepreneur earned most of his fortune in the steel industry, and donated most of it to large-scale philanthropy including Carnegie Hall, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Carnegie Mellon University and the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh.